Moving money internationally is never easy. At this point you probably already know that. So as you research options to get money into China, it helps to know what has worked in the past and which methods are the cheapest for transferring money internationally.
When it comes to getting money into China, especially as an expat, I’ve found that Transferwise is a cheap and convenient alternative.
You can create a free account easily, send money to your China bank or just hold one of 50+ currencies in the Transferwise account.
It doesn’t matter whether you’re a broke traveler who needs money quickly or you’re trying to pay for something in China using funds stored outside of China. In both cases, it is essential to understand the cheapest and fastest ways to send money to China (or perhaps get money to you in China).
The good news is that China is full of banks at almost every street corner. That means ATM’s, quick cash and convenience.
The bad news is that it comes at a price. Whether that’s time standing in line, time waiting for a wire transfer, or bank fees, you’re going to have to pay somehow.
Walk the Money Across the China Border
The absolute cheapest way to get money to China is to walk it through. That means one of two things for you:
- Risking it with a bunch of cash
- Using traveler’s cheques
No doubt you should always have a little cash on hand (US dollars are still the easiest to convert), it’s just a matter of how much. I’ve walked through Chinese customs with a couple hundred dollars and I’ve also walked across with a couple thousand. Both worked great, the latter was just harder on the nerves.
How Much Cash Can You Bring into China? According to China’s customs office, a traveler can carry with them 20,000 RMB in cash or a foreign currency equivalent of US $5,000 without declaring it. Anything over these amounts must be processed by Customs.
A more secure, albeit antiquated option is traveler’s checks. For decades this used to be the method of choice for international travelers, although it’s now it’s no longer as popular. Not only is it difficult to find a place to buy traveler’s checks nowadays, it’s cumbersome to cash them. In China, I’ve waiting in line for two hours just to get a check cashed!
The problem with both of these options is that although they are very cheap, getting the money converted to Renminbi is often a nightmare. Exchange rates at the airport are horrendous and the effort to get a fair shake at a bank could cost you an entire half of your day.
My advice: Use cash walked across the border as a backup plan in case something goes wrong. Don’t use it as your primary way to get money.
Use an ATM in China to Get Cash
A majority of the ATM’s all throughout China accept Visa and MasterCard as well as UnionPay, Diner’s Club and others. It’s incredibly convenient to use the ATM in China, which is why so many people prefer this method, but there are two distinct disadvantages:
- Withdrawal Limits: There is a withdrawal limit, usually somewhere around 2,000-3,000RMB per day. Interestingly, this limit is often imposed by your personal bank, not by the Chinese ATM (you can withdrawal multiple times from the same ATM). One way to get around this is to use multiple accounts or, if you’re traveling with your spouse who has his/her own debit card, you can use both cards to withdrawal from the same account in a single day.
- Bank Fees: It’s a rare bank that doesn’t charge ATM fees, so expect somewhere between US$5-10 to show up on your statement every time you use the ATM. On top of that, you’re also getting an exchange rate that isn’t as good as if you were to walk into the bank with cash.
My advice: ATM’s are a great option but when you use one to pull Chinese yuan, take out the max withdrawal limit so you don’t have to do it more than once. To minimize these fees and increase the number of ATMs you can use, consider a global payment solution like ECARD. It’s a unique solution that has saved me hundreds of dollars this past year.
Tip #2: Make sure you know your debit card PIN number! We don’t often use our debit cards back home, so it’s easy to forget our PIN numbers, and yet you can’t pull money from a Chinese ATM without it.
Wire Transfer Money to China
Wire transfers may not be the most efficient way for travelers to get their money to China, but it does allow for larger sums of money to be transfered.
There are three primary ways that I’ve wired money in and out of China:
- Best Option: Transferwise – One of the fastest and easiest ways to initiate a wire transfer to China is through a service like Transferwise. The money is guaranteed within 82 hours (my experience has been faster) and although the fees may look slightly higher than your bank, what you may not realize is that Transferwise gives you a better exchange rate. The only downside? Wire transfers from services like these are capped at about US$5,000 (or 31,000 RMB in some cases) per transaction.
- Bank Wire Transfers: Back in the US I bank with Chase. In less than 15 minutes I was able to log into my account online, set up a new “wire recipient” and then make the transfer. It cost me about $40 for each transfer regardless of the amount, but it’s hassle free. The two big issues with this method are that 1) you have to have all the information for the China bank exactly correct (and often in Chinese) in order for the wire to be accepted and 2) the whole process takes about a week. For transfers over US$5,000, this is likely your only option. If this interests you, you should consider opening a Chinese bank account for yourself.
- Fastest: MoneyGram – There are companies like MoneyGram (for UK residents, visit MoneyGram’s UK site), however, that charge about the same fee as your bank but can have your money available in less than a day. In my experience, it works well but has been a hassle on the China end. I accessed the money quickly but had to stand in line at the bank to retrieve the money and then stand in line again to convert it to Renminbi (you can’t send Renminbi, you have to send your home currency).
Write an Old Fashioned Check
Believe it or not, writing yourself a check from your home bank is a perfectly viable way to get money into a China bank account. Your China bank will probably charge you an insignificant fee (around US$15) and your home bank will charge you nothing.
There is a BIG catch, though. The check takes anywhere between 30-60 days to clear. Yikes! I don’t like waiting that long, so I prefer not to use this method, but I have many friends who do.
My Advice: if you can plan far enough ahead, writing a check to yourself might not be a bad option.
Use an International Credit Card
This is a newer option that works well for purchases within China if you’re a high-end traveler (not an option for transferring money, though). In bigger Chinese cities you can use a credit card to pay for your hotel stays and some restaurants.
There are some credit cards that boast no fees for international purchases. You have to check how they calculate exchange rates, but usually this can be a pretty good deal.
The only down side is that anything less than a major department store or 5-star hotel will not accept Visa/MasterCard credit cards. It is possible to get a pre-paid UnionPay card like ECARD (free to use and top up with a US bank account).
UnionPay is accepted everywhere in China, unlike Visa and MasterCard, and can be used to avoid high fees when pulling cash at an ATM.
Final Thoughts: Get Money to China
There are two things you need to consider when planning to transfer money into China:
- How much money do you need to transfer?
- How fast do you need the money?
For anything under US $5,000, you have a number of options including walking the cash across the border, transferring using Transferwise or even applying for a free global payment solution like ECARD.
Anything above $5,000 and visiting your local bank is really your only option.
If speed is of importance, MoneyGram can get the money overseas within a couple hours. All other options take anywhere from a couple days to more than a week.